COVID-19 Funding Dashboard
As of July 1, 2022, North Carolina has received more than $110 billion in federal COVID-19 relief funding for a wide range of purposes and uses related to pandemic response and long-term economic recovery. Most of the funding was provided by three federal bills:
Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES)
Enacted in March 2020, CARES established dozens of new programs and in-creased funding for existing programs uniquely positioned to help people, communities, and businesses impacted by the pandemic. In North Carolina, the biggest programs under CARES included the Paycheck Protection Program ($12 billion), Economic Impact Payments ($8 billion), and enhanced un-employment benefits ($8 billion). CARES also provided $150 billion in flexible aid to states and large local governments, of which North Carolina received $3.6 billion to use for a wide range of needs.
Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2021 (CRRSA)
Enacted in December 2020, CRRSA provided North Carolina with an addition-al $9 billion, which included additional Economic Impact Payments ($4.5 billion) and more than $4 billion directed to state agencies for specific programs, such as the Elementary and Secondary Schools Emergency Relief (ESSER II) program ($1 billion).
American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA)
ARPA provided North Carolina with more than $31 billion, which included $12 billion in Economic Impact Payments (non-grant) and $8 million in grants, including $3 billion for ESSER. The state appropriated an additional $10 billion for other programs, including over $5 billion for the State Fiscal Recovery Fund (SFRF).
- “Grant” refers to any grants awarded to state agencies to administer.
- “Non-grant” refers to formula-based funding programs whose participation is based on eligibility of target groups, such as Economic Impact Payments, Paycheck Protection Program, enhanced unemployment benefits, expanded SNAP program eligibility, etc.
- State Appropriation refers to funds that were granted by US Treasury to the State of North Carolina and appropriated by the State for a wide range of uses.
Congress passed five bills in 2020 to provide relief funding to North Carolina's people, businesses, state and local governments, health care providers, schools, and communities. During a time of tremendous uncertainty and intensity, these funds were used to respond to the immediate impacts of the pandemic: helping hospitals acquire ventilators and PPE, supporting schools and businesses adapt to social distancing, distance learning, and teleworking, and providing rent, food, and unemployment relief to residents across the state.
NC is receiving nearly $30 billion in additional federal funds through the March 2021 American Rescue Plan (ARP). These funds are not yet included in the map. NCPRO hopes ARP recipients can use this map to identify remaining needs and consider stakeholders with which to coordinate as they plan the use of the new recovery funds.
The Coronavirus Relief Fund (CRF) was established by the CARES Act and provided $3.6 billion to North Carolina. CRF went through the appropriations process and was allocated through a series of several bills.
Of that $3.6 billion, $1.2 billion went to supporting state and local governments. $771 million went to supporting Public Services, which include child welfare pro-grams and housing and food assistance programs. $731 million was provided to the Healthcare Industry, which included COVID-19 testing and vaccine preparedness and payments to healthcare providers. $460 million went to education, which includes early education and childcare, K-12, and higher education. $212 million went to support North Carolina Businesses. $139 million went to support individual North Carolinians through unemployment services and increased worker protections. Finally, CRF supported $34 million in infrastructure projects, particularly expanded broadband.
The American Rescue Plan Act's State Fiscal Recovery Fund (SFRF) provided more than $5.4 billion to North Carolina. SFRF was primarily allocated through the State Appropriations Act of 2021 (S.L. 2021-180) with some amendments enacted in S.L. 2022-74.
Of that $5.4 billion, over half ($2.9 billion) went to North Carolina infrastructure projects including $1.7 billion invested in improving access to clean drinking water and $662 million in broadband access. An additional $666 million went to NC businesses, which included support for small businesses, arts and tourism, and non-profits. $596 million went to individual relief in the form of premium pay and workforce development programs. $507 million went to Public Services, including food banks, housing programs, and public safety. $344 million went to support education programs, including early education and childcare, K-12, and institutes of higher learning. $277 million went to payments for healthcare providers, COVID-19 mitigation and testing, and other health expenditures. The remaining $154 million went to support State, Local, and Tribal governments.